By L. R. Poos
A Rural Society after the Black dying is a research of rural social constitution within the English county of Essex among 1350 and 1500. It seeks to appreciate how, within the inhabitants cave in after the Black dying (1348-1349), a specific fiscal setting affected usual people's lives within the parts of migration, marriage and employment, and in addition contributed to styles of non secular nonconformity, agrarian riots and unrest, or even rural housing. The interval less than scrutiny is usually obvious as a transitional period among 'medieval' and 'early-modern' England, yet within the mild of modern advances in English historic demography, this examine means that there has been extra continuity than swap in a few severely vital features of social constitution within the sector in query. one of the most crucial contributions of the e-book are its use of an unprecedentedly wide variety of unique manuscript files (estate and manorial files, taxation and criminal-court documents, royal tenurial documents, and the documents of church courts, wills etc.) and its software of present quantitative and comparative demographic tools.
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Additional resources for A Rural Society after the Black Death: Essex 1350-1525
C o r n w a l l , Wealth and society, p p . 2 0 0 - 1 , n o t i n g that in Rutland in 1524 well over 90 per cent of taxpayers listed as labourers were assessed at 20s. in wages or 40s. or less in goods, while in the 1522 Suffolk muster returns the corresponding figure was about 84 per cent. 154: Witham Hundred); assessed earnings among 275 men ranged from 20s. (218 taxpayers) to 40s. (8) and 50s. (2) (15 townships). See also below, Chapter 10. 5. Taxation in three central-Essex hundreds in 1524.
161. i54. Total 462 445 323 94 48 25 886 672 1,230 167 2,469 Note: Only townships whose returns are completely legible are included in this dataset. Sources: on land 911 30 'Country-dwellers, common folk and craftsmen' The statute by which Parliament granted this subsidy singled out taxpayers liable at the lowest rate in the following terms: And of every maner person borne under the Kynges obeysaunce beyng of thage of xvj yeres or above and beyng of the value of xls. in goodes or takyng any dayely wekely or yerely wages or other profettes for wages to the yerly value of xxs.
6 (King's Bench i n d i c t m e n t file, Essex, 1389), J o h n T a n n e r indicted for excessive profits; ibid, m . 839 ( W a l t h a m court, 15 May 1387), John Tanner's land acquisitions. 834 (Waltham leet, 29 May 1382). 28 'Country-dwellers, common folk and craftsmen' Nevertheless, on the other hand the property endowments of those persons termed in the documents by one or more variant of agriculturalist were typically of a wholly different order of magnitude. 46 Such is the picture that emerges from a variety of evidence from the fourteenth and early-to-mid-fifteenth centuries.