By Susan Welch
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Extra resources for Affirmative Action and Minority Enrollments in Medical and Law Schools
To the extent that family income is an important determinant of the ability to send the younger generation to college, black families were worse off in the late 1980s than they were in the 1970s. S. Department of Commerce 1995, table 727). Hispanic income has also diminished slightly since 1980. S. Department of Commerce 1995, 727), it is significantly below white family income. Like African Americans, Hispanics are not catching up to non-Hispanic whites in income resources. Many reasons can be found for the stagnant black and Latino family income beginning in the late 1970s.
He came out against the Davis program but commented favorably about the Harvard plan that did take race into consideration (B. Schwartz 1988, 93-98). Ultimately Powell's opinion would reflect these initial feelings. Powell said that because race is a "suspect classification" the Court should exercise "strict scrutiny" of any law or policy, such as Davis's program, that classifies according to race. " 10 The university asserted four justifications for the program: to reduce the underrepresentation of minorities in medicine, to increase the number of doctors in minority communities that were underserved, to counter the effects of discrimination in society, and to provide educational benefits for an ethnically diverse student body.
Moreover, as we shall see, gains in economic status among African Americans slowed nearly to a standstill in the 1980s and went backward for many. Hispanics, about 9 percent of the nation's population, tend to be far below the average non-Hispanic white American in income and educational resources, and behind African Americans in educational status, but yet they have also assimilated faster and face less persistent discrimination than African Americans do. S. Department of Commerce 1994, table 11).