Download An Introduction to Science and Technology Studies by Sergio Sismondo PDF

By Sergio Sismondo

ISBN-10: 1405187654

ISBN-13: 9781405187657

An advent to technology and know-how reports, moment Edition displays the most recent advances within the box whereas carrying on with to supply scholars with a highway map to the advanced interdisciplinary terrain of technological know-how and expertise reports.

  • Distinctive in its recognition to either the underlying philosophical and sociological points of technology and technology
  • Explores center issues reminiscent of realism and social building, discourse and rhetoric, objectivity, and the general public realizing of science  
  • Includes various empirical reviews and illustrative examples to explain the themes discussed
  • Now comprises new fabric on  political economies of medical and technological wisdom, and democratizing technical decisions
  • Other positive aspects of the hot variation comprise superior clarity, up-to-date references, bankruptcy reorganization, and extra fabric on drugs and technology

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Additional resources for An Introduction to Science and Technology Studies

Sample text

This public accusation of fraud against one of the discipline’s most noted figures posed a challenge to the authority of the psychology itself (Gieryn and Figert 1986). Early on, his supporters represented Burt as occasionally sloppy, but insisted that there was no evidence of fraud. Burt’s work was difficult, they argued, and it was therefore understandable that he made some mistakes. No psychologist’s work would be immune from criticism. In addition, Burt was an “impish” character, explaining his invention of colleagues.

Does the idea of an overarching goal, for an entity as large and diffuse as science, even make sense? Could an overarching goal for science have any effect on the actions of individual scientists? As a result of these arguments, critics suggest that science is better understood as the combined product of scientists acting to pursue their own goals. Merton’s norms, then, are ideological resources, available to scientific actors for their own purposes. They serve, combined with formalist epistemologies, as something like an “organizational myth” of science (Fuchs 1993).

There are, after all, obvious reasons to be secretive. If other researchers learn about one’s ideas, methods, or results, they may be in a position to use that information to take the next steps in a program of research, and receive full credit for whatever comes of those steps. Given that science is highly competitive, and given that an increasing amount of science is linked to applications on which there are possible financial stakes (Chapter 17), there are strong incentives to follow through on a research program before letting other researchers know about it.

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