Download Banking, the State and Industrial Promotion in Developing by Shinji Ogura (auth.) PDF

By Shinji Ogura (auth.)

ISBN-10: 1349402834

ISBN-13: 9781349402830

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Extra resources for Banking, the State and Industrial Promotion in Developing Japan, 1900–73

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The Ministry of Finance and the Ministry of Commerce and Industry then set about controlling all aspects of the economy because Japan’s international balance of payments was under pressure from rising imports, and the surge in military spending combined with the growing domestic demand had aroused fears of inflation. Towards a Closer Relationship with Industry 31 In September 1937, just after the outbreak of war with China, the first of three epoch-making laws was passed. The Law for the Extraordinary Adjustment of Funds (Rinji Shikin Chosei Ho) enabled the government to examine the long-term financial needs of enterprises and regulate their procurement of long-term funds.

After the depression it was notable for assuming responsibility for the banking affairs of major industries in all sectors of the economy, not merely of Mitsui businesses. In fact the bank was the only large bank capable of separating itself almost completely from the control of the zaibatsu family before the dissolution of the zaibatsu after World War II. Twice during the depression it accumulated bad debts and faced uncertainty about its creditworthiness, and in time the Mitsui family came to lose interest in managing a commercial bank – a misfortune the bank was able to turn into a blessing.

In November 1943 the Ministry of Munitions (Gunjusho) was established, taking over the functions of the Planning Board (Kikakuin) and most of the functions of the Ministry of Commerce and Industry, which were abolished. The primary objective of the Ministry of Munitions was to increase the production of aeroplanes. Companies identified as vitally important to the war effort were designated as ‘munitions industries’, and their presidents were given the status of public officials with responsibility for meeting production targets.

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